Among more than 56 ethnic groups in SNNPR, 21 are pastoralists and agro-pastoralists, all of them are ethnic minorities .Each of them   has their own language, culture and history.

     These ethnic groups are    Malle, Bena., Tsemay, Braile, Hamer, Arbore, Kara, Dasenech, Gnanagatom, Murile, Kuyegu, Murji, Bodi, Deme, Maji, Surma, Dize, Zilimamo, Meanet, Chara, Nao

    The total population in SNNPR is 15 million, of which around 510,000(3.4%) are pastoralists and agro-pastoralists living in 32% of the total area of the region.

pastoralist life  PIC:

    The population of each ethnic group in theses areas is ranging from / Karo (1,464) to meanit (151,489) in which most of minorities of the region located in these areas.

     These minorities living in 3 zones (namely, South Omo , Benchi-Maji and Kafa) of the 13, and 12 Districts (namely Dasenech, Genagatem, Hamer, Bena-Tsemay, Salamago. Malle, Surma, Maji, Bero, Meanet- Shasha, Meanet- Goldia and Decha) of the 134 of this region.3.4% of the population living in 32% of the area shows highly scattered people that need high public investment in order to   change their livelihoods.

females of pastoralist

 All the minorities in the pastoralist and agro- pastoralist areas are marginalized economically, socially and politically. There fore, the issue became constitutional in both national and regional level and incorporated in rural and agricultural policy of Ethiopia .   SNNPR government   began to allocate special fund since 2001, and establish in situational arrangement at regional level for this purpose since 2003.All the minorities in the pastoralist and agro- pastoralist areas are marginalized economically, socially and politically

 

   There fore, the issue became constitutional in both national and regional level and incorporated in rural and agricultural policy of Ethiopia.  SNNPR government   began to allocate special fund since 2001, and establish in situational arrangement at regional level for this purpose since 2003.

    The intervention  now is more organized than before:-  1/ The regional  government designed an  integrated 5 year pastoralist development  program 2/  Established the organizational  structure  at  all level ( bureau at the  regional ,  Department   at the  Zonal level , office at district level). The heads of  these organization at all levels  are members of the cabinet,  3/  special  fund allocated  by the regional  government is increasing every   year,  4/ Federal government  also support by formulating PCDP ( pastoralist community development  project) and channel the grant and loan  funds from  the world bank and IFAD through PCDP.

    Agricultural development   and food security   is one 50 the components of the integrated 5 year plan. Activities in order to improve animal husbandry

(Improvement of   grazing land, water supply, animal health and marketing) have given attention. In order to improve crop production and productivity input supply, small scale irrigation, training on agricultural packages and extension services are the major activities.